Reactive oxygen species (ROS) play a central role in estrogen deficiency-induced bone loss. We previously identified and characterized a novel member of the Peroxiredoxin (PRX) like 2 family that we called PAMM: Peroxiredoxin Activated in M-CSF stimulated Monocytes, a redox regulatory protein that modulates osteoclast differentiation in vitro. In this study, we report increased PAMM expression in H2O2-treated cells and in bones from ovariectomized (OVX) mice 4 weeks after surgery, models for oxidative stress in vitro and in vivo, respectively. We also detected increased PAMM abundance and phosphorylated Akt in OVX mice treated with estrogen. In addition, Wortmannin, a specific PI3Kinase inhibitor and Rapamycin, an inhibitor of the PI3Kinase/Akt pathway, blocked Akt phosphorylation and stimulation of PAMM expression by M-CSF. These results indicate that M-CSF-induced PAMM expression is mediated by Akt phosphorylation. Our data also suggest that estrogen-induced PAMM expression is mediated by phosphorylation of Akt. These findings point to PAMM as a potential candidate for Akt-mediated protection against oxidative stress.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
We would like to give our thanks to Ms. Justine Dobeck for technical assistance and Subbiah Yoganathan for expertize with animal experimentation. This study partially received support from National Natural Science Foundation of China ( 81060074 ).
- Bone loss
- Oxidative stress