Altered immune response in mice deficient for the G protein-coupled receptor GPR34

Ines Liebscher, Uwe Müller, Daniel Teupser, Eva Engemaier, Kathrin M.Y. Engel, Lars Ritscher, Doreen Thor, Katrin Sangkuhl, Albert Ricken, Antje Wurm, Daniel Piehler, Sandra Schmutzler, Herbert Fuhrmann, Frank W. Albert, Andreas Reichenbach, Joachim Thiery, Torsten Schöneberg, Angela Schulz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

53 Scopus citations

Abstract

The X-chromosomal GPR34 gene encodes an orphan Gi protein-coupled receptor that is highly conserved among vertebrates. To evaluate the physiological relevance of GPR34, we generated a GPR34-deficient mouse line. GPR34-deficient mice were vital, reproduced normally, and showed no gross abnormalities in anatomical, histological, laboratory chemistry, or behavioral investigations under standard housing. Because GPR34 is highly expressed in mononuclear cells of the immune system, mice were specifically tested for altered functions of these cell types. Following immunization with methylated BSA, the number of granulocytes and macrophages in spleens was significantly lower in GPR34-deficient mice as in wild-type mice. GPR34-deficient mice showed significantly increased paw swelling in the delayed type hypersensitivity test and higher pathogen burden in extrapulmonary tissues after pulmonary infection with Cryptococcus neoformans compared with wild-type mice. The findings in delayed type hypersensitivity and infection tests were accompanied by significantly different basal and stimulated TNF-α, GM-CSF, and IFN-γ levels in GPR34-deficient animals. Our data point toward a functional role of GPR34 in the cellular response to immunological challenges

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2101-2110
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume286
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 21 2011

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