Alternatives to Atrazine for Weed Management in Processing Sweet Corn

Zubeyde Filiz Arslan, Martin M. Williams, Roger Becker, Vincent A Fritz, R. Ed Peachey, Tom L. Rabaey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Atrazine has been the most widely used herbicide in North American processing sweet corn for decades; however, increased restrictions in recent years have reduced or eliminated atrazine use in certain production areas. The objective of this study was to identify the best stakeholder-derived weed management alternatives to atrazine in processing sweet corn. In field trials throughout the major production areas of processing sweet corn, including three states over 4 yr, 12 atrazine-free weed management treatments were compared to three standard atrazine-containing treatments and a weed-free check. Treatments varied with respect to herbicide mode of action, herbicide application timing, and interrow cultivation. All treatments included a PRE application of dimethenamid. No single weed species occurred across all sites; however, weeds observed in two or more sites included common lambsquarters, giant ragweed, morningglory species, velvetleaf, and wild-proso millet. Standard treatments containing both atrazine and mesotrione POST provided the most efficacious weed control among treatments and resulted in crop yields comparable to the weed-free check, thus demonstrating the value of atrazine in sweet corn production systems. Timely interrow cultivation in atrazine-free treatments did not consistently improve weed control. Only two atrazine-free treatments consistently resulted in weed control and crop yield comparable to standard treatments with atrazine POST: treatments with tembotrione POST either with or without interrow cultivation. Additional atrazine-free treatments with topramezone applied POST worked well in Oregon where small-seeded weed species were prevalent. This work demonstrates that certain atrazine-free weed management systems, based on input from the sweet corn growers and processors who would adopt this technology, are comparable in performance to standard atrazine-containing weed management systems. Nomenclature: Atrazine; dimethenamid; mesotrione; tembotrione; common lambsquarters, Chenopodium album L.; giant ragweed, Ambrosia trifida L.; morningglory species, Ipomea spp.; velvetleaf, Abutilon theoprasti Medik.; wild-proso millet, Panicum miliaceum L.; sweet corn, Zea mays L.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)531-539
Number of pages9
JournalWeed Science
Volume64
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2016

Keywords

  • Herbicide regulation
  • North Central Region
  • Pacific Northwest
  • integrated weed management
  • sweet corn industry

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