Anatomy of the posterolateral aspect of the goat knee

Robert F. LaPrade, Kristofer A. Kimber, Fred A. Wentorf, Erik J. Olson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the anatomy of the posterolateral aspect of the goat knee for future in vivo studies using a goat model to examine the natural history of posterolateral knee injuries. Twelve nonpaired, fresh-frozen, adult goat knees were dissected to determine the anatomy of the posterolateral corner. The main posterolateral structures identified in the goat knee were the lateral collateral ligament, the popliteus muscle and tendon, popliteomeniscal fascicles, and the lateral gastrocnemius muscle. The lateral collateral ligament was extra-articular and coursed from its proximal attachment, located posterior and proximal to the lateral epicondyle, to its distal attachment on the lateral aspect of the fused proximal tibiofibula. The popliteus muscle attached to the medial edge of the posterodistal tibia, traveled anterolaterally, became intra-articular at its musculotendinous junction, and attached to the lateral femur just distal to the lateral epicondyle. Distinct popliteomeniscal fascicles attached the lateral meniscus to the popliteus muscle and tendon, and a fascial attachment from the musculotendinous junction of the popliteus muscle coursed to the lateral tibial plateau. This study provided information on the structures present in the posterolateral aspect of the goat knee and enhanced our understanding of their relationships to analogous structures in the human knee. This information is important to enable future development of potential models of the natural history of posterolateral knee injuries and also to test surgical techniques and the in vivo effects of these injuries on cruciate ligament reconstructions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)141-148
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Orthopaedic Research
Volume24
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2006

Keywords

  • Goat
  • Lateral collateral ligament
  • Popliteus complex
  • Posterolateral knee

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