Application of ARFI-SWV in Stiffness Measurement of the Abdominal Wall Musculature: A Pilot Feasibility Study

David A. Gabrielsen, Martin J. Carney, Jason M. Weissler, Michael A. Lanni, Jorge Hernandez, Laith R. Sultan, Fabiola Enriquez, Chandra M. Sehgal, John P. Fischer, Anil Chauhan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility of acoustic radiation force impulse shear wave velocity and textural features for characterizing abdominal wall musculature and to identify subject-related and technique-related factors that can potentially affect measurements. Median shear wave velocity measurements for the right external abdominal oblique were the same (1.89 ± 0.16 m/s) for both the active group (healthy volunteers with active lifestyles) and the control group (age and body mass index–matched volunteers from an ongoing hernia study). When corrected for thickness, the ratio of right external abdominal oblique shear wave velocity -to-muscle thickness was significantly higher in the control group than in the active volunteers (4.33 s−1 versus 2.88 s−1; p value 0.006). From the textural features studied for right external abdominal oblique, 8 features were found to be statistically different between the active and control groups. In conclusion, shear wave velocity is a feasible and reliable technique to evaluate the stiffness of the abdominal wall musculature. Sonographic texture features add additional characterization of abdominal wall musculature.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1978-1985
Number of pages8
JournalUltrasound in Medicine and Biology
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2018
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The project described was supported by the National Center for Research Resources, Grant UL1RR024134, and is now at the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences, Grant UL1TR000003. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the NIH.

Funding Information:
The work on this study was in part sponsored by Research Seed Grant, Radiological Society of North America Research & Education Foundation.

Funding Information:
Supported in part by the Institute for Translational Medicine and Therapeutics' (ITMAT) Transdisciplinary Program in Translational Medicine and Therapeutics.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 Elsevier Ltd


  • Abdominal wall musculature
  • Elastography
  • Ultrasound


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