Artificial selection on the sex ratio in Drosophila pseudoobscura

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Abstract

Experiments were undertaken to detect genetic variation for the sex ratio in D. pseudoobscura that is independent of the "sex-ratio" (SR) meiotic drive system. Females inseminated in a natural population produce broods that are heterogeneous with respect to sex ratio. Lines selected for high percentage of male progeny responded in one of two independent artificial selection experiments; the realized heritability was 0.101. Interline crosses between the selected high (percent males) line, low line, and an unselected standard stock reveal a significant male effect, nonsignificant female effect, and marginally significant interaction. Selection gains were rapidly lost when selection was relaxed. Males carrying the SR X-chromosome on a genetic background selected for high percentage of males show no modification of SR meiotic drive. It is suggested that populations are polymorphic for autosomal or X-linked variants that modify the segregation of sex chromosomes and are maintained in a polymorphic state by a balance between segregation and zygotic selection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)377-381
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Heredity
Volume72
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1981

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