Characteristics of vero cytotoxin producing Escherichia coli associated with intestinal colonization and diarrhea in calves

C. Richard Dorn, David H. Francis, Elisabeth J. Angrick, Jo Ann A. Willgohs, Richard A. Wilson, James E. Collins, Bruce H. Jenke, Stacey J. Shawd

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42 Scopus citations

Abstract

Isolates of Escherichia coli which produce Vero cytotoxin (VTEC) were obtained during 1983-1989 from calves raised in 5 north-central states of the USA. All of the calves experienced intestinal epithelial colonization by VTEC, diarrhea or both; twelve of the calves had bloody diarrhea. Twenty one isolates were serogroup O111 and the others were O103, O69, O45, O26, O5, or non-typable (4 isolates). All but one of the isolates hybridized with the CVD419 probe which identifies most VTEC strains. Thirty two isolates hybridized with the VT1 probe, 3 with both the VT1 and VT2 probes, and one with neither probe. The culture filtrate of the VT probe negative isolate was partially neutralized by SLT I monoclonal antibody. For the other isolates, the results of toxin neutralization by anti-SLT I and anti-SLT II monoclonal antibodies corresponded exactly with the VT1 and VT2 probe hybridization results. Three of the strains adhered in a localized manner to HEp-2 cells and Intestine 407 cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)149-159
Number of pages11
JournalVeterinary Microbiology
Volume36
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1993

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