Cholinergic innervation of the retrosplenial cortex via the fornix pathway as determined by high affinity choline uptake, choline acetyltransferase activity, and muscarinic receptor binding in the rat

Sandra L. Gage, Stanley R. Keim, Jay R. Simon, Walter C. Low

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

The cholinergic projections from basal forebrain nuclei to the retrosplenial cortex (RSC) have previously been studied using a variety of histological approaches. Studies using acetylcholinesterase (AChE) histochemistry and choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) immunocytochemistry have demonstrated that this projection travels via the cingulum on route to the RSC. Preliminary studies from our laboratory, however, have shown that the fornix may also be involved in this projection. The present study uses the combination of pathway lesions, and the analysis of cholinergic neurochemical markers in the RSC to determine the role of the fornix in the cholinergic projection to the RSC. High affinity choline uptake (HACU) and ChAT activity were measured in the RSC of control rats, animals with cingulate lesions, and animals with fornix plus cingulate lesions. Fornix plus cingulate lesions resulted in significant deceases in HACU and ChAT activity in comparison to cingulate lesions alone. Muscarinic receptor binding was also evaluated in combination with the various lesions, and a significant increase in retrosplenial receptor binding was noted following fornix lesions. Together, these results support the concept of a fornix-mediated cholinergic pathway to the RSC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1379-1386
Number of pages8
JournalNeurochemical Research
Volume19
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1994

Keywords

  • Retrosplenial cortex
  • basal forebrain
  • choline acetyltransferase
  • cholinergic fibers
  • fornix
  • high affinity choline uptake

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