Background Ceruloplasmin (CP) may promote structural changes in the atrium making it more arrhythmogenic. We assessed the associations between CP, CP-associated genetic variants, and incident atrial fibrillation (AF) in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study. Methods and results We studied 10,059 men and women without prevalent AF aged 53 to 75 years in 1996–1998 and followed through 2012. Circulating CP was measured in stored blood samples obtained in 1996–1998. Polymorphisms rs11708215 and rs13072552, previously associated with CP concentrations, were measured in 10,059 and 8829 participants respectively. AF was ascertained from study electrocardiograms, hospital discharge codes, and death certificates. Multivariable Cox models were run to study the association between circulating CP, CP-associated polymorphisms, and the incidence of AF. Over 10.5 years of mean follow-up, 1357 cases of AF were identified. After adjusting for traditional risk factors and biomarkers, higher levels of circulating CP were associated with incident AF (hazard ratio [HR] 1.33, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.11, 1.61 comparing top to bottom quartiles). Both rs11708215 and rs13072552 were significantly associated with CP levels. Presence of the CP-increasing alleles in rs11708215 and rs13072552, however, were significantly associated with lower risk of AF in whites (HR 0.84, 95%CI 0.76, 0.94, p = 0.002 and HR 0.83; 95%CI 0.69, 0.99, p = 0.043 respectively per CP-increasing allele in the final adjusted model) but not in African Americans. Conclusions Even though higher CP concentrations were associated with increased AF risk, genetic variants associated with higher CP decreased the risk of AF in whites. Our results suggest that circulating CP levels may not be causally related to risk of incident AF.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study is carried out as a collaborative study supported by National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute contracts (HHSN268201100005C, HHSN268201100006C, HHSN268201100007C, HHSN268201100008C, HHSN268201100009C, HHSN268201100010C, HHSN268201100011C, and HHSN268201100012C), R01HL087641, R01HL59367 and R01HL086694; National Human Genome Research Institute contract U01HG004402; and National Institutes of Health contract HHSN268200625226C. The authors thank the staff and participants of the ARIC study for their important contributions. Infrastructure was partly supported by Grant Number UL1RR02500 5, a component of the National Institutes of Health and NIH Roadmap for Medical Research. Additional funding for this study was provided by American Heart Association grant 16EIA26410001 (Alonso).
© 2017 Elsevier B.V.
- Atrial fibrillation
- Oxidative stress
- Single nucleotide polymorphism