Comparison of microsomal inducer pretreatment on the in vitro α‐hydroxylation and mutagenicity of N‐nitrosopyrrolidine in rat and hamster liver

G. David McCoy, Stephen S. Hecht, Elena C. McCoy

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12 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effect of modifiers of liver mixed function oxidase activity on the in vitro α‐hydroxylation and mutagenicity of N‐nitrosopyrrolidine (NPYR) has been examined in rats and hamsters. Hamster post‐mitochondrial supernatants were able to convert NPYR to a mutagen more efficiently than rat preparations under all conditions studied. Aroclor 1254 pretreatment caused the greatest increase in mutagenic activity in both species while phenobarbital and 3‐methylcholanthrene pretreatment gave intermediate values when compared to uninduced preparations. Microsomal α‐hydroxylation of NPYR was induced by Aroclor 1254 pretreatment in both species. Pretreatment with 3‐methylcholanthrene increased α‐hydroxylation in hamsters but decreased it in rats. Phenobarbital pretreatment only slightly increased microsomal α‐hydroxylation in either species. When microsomal α‐hydroxylation rates were expressed per gram wet weight of liver, better agreement between rates of α‐hydroxylation and mutagenicity in phenobarbital pretreated animals was obtained since inducer associated changes in total microsomal protein content were taken into account. An example of differential induction of an activation pathway (α‐hydroxylation) and a degradative pathway (aldehyde dehydrogenase) is presented to illustrate a potential source of error in the interpretation of metabolic data obtained from post‐microsomal supernatants and whole animal studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)221-230
Number of pages10
JournalEnvironmental Mutagenesis
Volume4
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1982

Keywords

  • N‐nitrosopyrrolidine
  • aldehyde dehydrogenase
  • microsomal enzyme induction
  • nitrosamine metabolism
  • nitrosamine mutagenicity

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