Completing natural inflation

Jihn E. Kim, Hans Peter Nilles, Marco Peloso

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

283 Scopus citations


If the inflaton is a pseudo-scalar axion, the axion shift symmetry can protect the flatness of its potential from too large radiative corrections. This possibility, known as natural inflation, requires an axion scale which is greater than the (reduced) Planck scale. It is unclear whether such a high value is compatible with an effective field theoretical description, and whether the global axionic symmetry survives quantum gravity effects. We propose a mechanism which provides an effective large axion scale, although the original one is sub-Planckian. The mechanism is based on the presence of two axions, with a potential provided by two anomalous gauge groups. The effective large axion scale is due to an almost exact symmetry between the couplings of the axions to the anomalous groups. We also comment on a possible implementation in heterotic string theory.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)61-70
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2005


  • Axions
  • Inflation


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