Background Recent evidence validates the effectiveness of neoadjuvant chemotherapy in the treatment of gastric adenocarcinoma. Endoscopic ultrasonographic (EUS) staging has been proposed as a useful adjunct in this setting. Methods We performed a retrospective review of patients treated at our institution for gastric adenocarcinoma between July 2005 and January 2014. We identified patients referred for EUS before surgery as part of a prospective treatment plan. Histopathologic staging was compared to EUS staging, with a focus on T- and N-stage. Agreement between the two modalities was examined using kappa-statistics. Results We identified 614 patients with biopsy-proven gastric adenocarcinoma; 145 underwent curative-intent surgery. Surgical pathology and EUS results were available from 69 patients. The accuracy of EUS for the evaluation of T- and N-stage was 44.9% and 56.5%, respectively. EUS demonstrated greater concordance with histopathology at evaluating T-stage (κ = 0.3469) than N-stage (κ = 0.1316). EUS underestimated T- and N-stage in 40.8% and 30.4% of patients, respectively. Conclusion EUS seems to correlate poorly with pathology in the preoperative staging of gastric adenocarcinoma. In the majority of inaccurate cases, EUS underestimates T-stage and N-stage, limiting its utility in the neoadjuvant setting.
- endoscopic ultrasound
- gastric cancer