Mutations of the p53-related protein kinase (PRPK) and TP53RK-binding protein (TPRKB) cause Galloway-Mowat syndrome (GAMOS) and are found in various human cancers. We have previously shown that small compounds targeting PRPK showed anti-cancer activity against colon and skin cancer. Here we present the 2.53 Å crystal structure of the human PRPK-TPRKB-AMPPNP (adenylyl-imidodiphosphate) complex. The structure reveals details in PRPK-AMPPNP coordination and PRPK-TPRKB interaction. PRPK appears in an active conformation, albeit lacking the conventional kinase activation loop. We constructed a structural model of the human EKC/KEOPS complex, composed of PRPK, TPRKB, OSGEP, LAGE3, and GON7. Disease mutations in PRPK and TPRKB are mapped into the structure, and we show that one mutation, PRPK K238Nfs*2, lost the binding to OSGEP. Our structure also makes the virtual screening possible and paves the way for more rational drug design.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by The Hormel Foundation and is based upon research conducted at the Northeastern Collaborative Access Team beamlines, which are funded by the National Institute of General Medical Sciences from the National Institutes of Health (P30 GM124165). The Pilatus 6M detector on 24-ID-C beam line is funded by a NIH-ORIP HEI grant (S10 RR029205). This research used resources of the Advanced Photon Source, a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science User Facility operated for the DOE Office of Science by Argonne National Laboratory under Contract No. DE-AC02-06CH11357. We also want to thank Todd Schuster, manager of the core facility of The Hormel Institute, University of Minnesota, for his efforts in maintaining the crystallization robot and in-house X-ray diffraction system.
© 2021, The Author(s).
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