Designing for broad understanding of Science insights from practice

Nickolay Hristov, Carol Strohecker, Louise Allen, Martha Merson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

With the acceleration and increasing complexity of macro-scale problems such as climate change, the need for scientists to ensure that their work is understood has become urgent. As citizens and recipients of public funds for research, scientists have an obligation to communicate their findings in ways many people can understand. However, developing translations that are broadly accessible without being “dumbed down” can be challenging. Fortunately, tenets of visual literacy, combined with narrative methods, can help to convey scientific knowledge with fidelity, while sustaining viewers’ interest. Here we outline strategies for such translating, with an emphasis on visual approaches. Among the examples is an innovative, National Science Foundation-funded professional development initiative in which National Park rangers use scientists’ imagery to create compelling explanations for the visiting public. Thoughtful visualizations based on interpretive images, motion pictures, 3D animations and augmented, immersive experiences complement the impact of the natural resource and enhance the role of the park ranger. The visualizations become scaffolds for participatory exchanges in which the ranger transcends the traditional roles of information-holder and presenter, to facilitate provocative conversations that provide members of the public with enjoyable experiences and well-founded bases for reflection and ultimately understanding. The process of generating the supporting visualizations benefits from partnerships with design professionals, who develop opportunities for engaging the public by translating important scientific findings and messages in compelling and memorable ways.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)113-126
Number of pages14
JournalIntegrative and comparative biology
Volume58
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2018

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The iSWOOP project was made possible with support from the National Science Foundation DRL-123030 and DRL-1514776. The symposium, Science in the Public Eye: Leveraging Partnerships, was made possible with support from the National Science Foundation DRL-123030 as a part of the iSWOOP (interpreters and Scientists Working On Our Parks) project. The following divisions of the Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology have generously supported the symposium: Division of Animal

Funding Information:
We thank park interpretive and education resources and management staff from ACAD, CAVE, INDU, and JOTR National Parks, as well as NPS leadership and our advisory board members. We are also grateful to the Design Team at ASAP Media Services, University of Maine, the project illustrators and animators Dennis Nikolaidis, Chris Tullar, and Brittani George, and the generous and dedicated iSWOOP featured scientists Juniper Harrower, Bob Brodman, Jacquelyn Gill, George Jacobson, Steve Norton, Katie Percy, and Tatjana Hubel. Two anonymous reviewers significantly improved the quality of the manuscript. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the view of the National Science Foundation or the Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology. The iSWOOP project was made possible with support from the National Science Foundation DRL-123030 and DRL-1514776. The symposium, Science in the Public Eye: Leveraging Partnerships, was made possible with support from the National Science Foundation DRL-123030 as a part of the iSWOOP (interpreters and Scientists Working On Our Parks) project. The following divisions of the Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology have generously supported the symposium: Division of Animal Behavior, Division of Comparative Biomechanics, Division of Comparative Endocrinology, Division of Ecoimmunology and Disease Ecology, Division of Neurobiology, and Division of Vertebrate Morphology.

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2018. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology. All rights reserved.

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