Direct analysis of SANS and SAXS measurements of catanionic surfactant mixtures by fourier transformation

Daniel J. Iampietro, Laura L. Brasher, Eric W. Kaler, Anna Stradner, Otto Glatter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

70 Scopus citations

Abstract

Vesicle and micellar structures formed by mixtures of the oppositely charged surfactants cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) and sodium octyl sulfate (SOS) with and without added sodium bromide (NaBr) have been examined by small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) and small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) techniques. The resulting spectra have been evaluated using a Fourier transform/deconvolution technique. Through indirect Fourier transformation of the scattering intensity and subsequent deconvolution of the resulting cross-sectional pair distance distribution function, detailed information of the cross-sectional and interfacial dimensions of the aggregates is obtained. SANS and SAXS show that the vesicle bilayer has a core radius of 9 Å and a headgroup region extending an average 9 Å more. SANS results for the micelles investigated indicate a core radius of 10-11 Å and a headgroup region of 10 Å. This analysis, when compared with theoretical calculations from a thermodynamic cell model, indicates that the surfactant headgroups occupy a diffuse region near the core/water interface.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3105-3113
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry B
Volume102
Issue number17
StatePublished - Apr 23 1998

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