Improved methods to probe the reactivity of nano-ions, such as C60-, would find utility in nanochemistry, combustion chemistry, and in generally understanding the behavior of matter at the nanometer scale. We demonstrate that ion mobility-mass spectrometry (IM-MS) with a low-field differential mobility analyzer can be used to probe nano-ion reaction kinetics. We used the developed IM-MS approach to examine the gas phase reactivity of C60- ions with ozone at atmospheric pressure. Experimental results show that ozonation of C60- mainly leads to the formation of C60On-. The controlled reaction time within the ion mobility instrument enables calculation of ozonation reaction rates and assuming oxygen atoms are added sequentially, we find that the reaction rate between C60- and O3 is near the collision controlled limit. We propose an exponentially decaying reaction rate coefficient expression to describe ozonation leading to the addition of >20 oxygen atoms. At high ozone concentrations, CO or CO2 loss from C60On- is additionally observed.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by was supported by US Department of Energy Award DE-SC0018202. The authors thank Dr Kenjiro Iida (National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Tsukuba, Japan) for guidance on the generation of isolated C60 in the gas-phase via evaporation in a furnace.