This study examined the hypothesis that weight concerns interfere with smoking cessation efforts. Four hundred fifty-nine women screened for participation in a smoking cessation treatment program completed Stunkard's Three Factor Eating Questionnaire (1981), measures of smoking-specific weight gain concern, and smoking history measures. Success in current cessation efforts was assessed 6 months following treatment. The restraint subscale of the TFEQ was associated with lower baseline level of nicotine dependence, a history of smoking fewer cigarettes, and longer prior periods of successful smoking abstinence. Baseline level of nicotine dependence and treatment group were significant predictors of smoking cessation at 6 months posttreatment. Restraint score was marginally predictive of higher rates of abstinence from smoking at 6 months when baseline level of nicotine dependence and treatment group were controlled. These results do not support the hypothesis that weight concerns interfere with smoking cessation attempts.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by grant (CA41647) to Phyllis L. Pirie from the National Cancer Institute. Requests for reprints should be sent to Simone A. French, Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health. University of Minnesota, Suite 300. 1300 South Second Street, Minneapolis, MN 554541015.