Purpose: To determine the relationship between chemotherapy dose modification (dose adjustment or treatment delay), overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) for women with advanced-stage epithelial ovarian carcinoma (EOC) and primary peritoneal carcinoma (PPC) who receive carboplatin and paclitaxel. Methods: Women with stages III and IV EOC and PPC treated on the Gynecologic Oncology Group phase III trial, protocol 182, who completed eight cycles of carboplatin with paclitaxel were evaluated in this study. The patients were grouped per dose modification and use of granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF). The primary end point was OS; Hazard ratios (HR) for PFS and OS were calculated for patients who completed eight cycles of chemotherapy. Patients without dose modification were the referent group. All statistical analyses were performed using the R programming language and environment. Results: A total of 738 patients were included in this study; 229 (31%) required dose modification, 509 did not. The two groups were well-balanced for demographic and prognostic factors. The adjusted hazard ratios (HR) for disease progression and death among dose-modified patients were: 1.43 (95% CI, 1.19–1.72, P < 0.001) and 1.26 (95% CI, 1.04–1.54, P = 0.021), respectively. Use of G-CSF was more frequent in dose-modified patients with an odds ratio (OR) of 3.63 (95% CI: 2.51–5.26, P < 0.001) compared to dose-unmodified patients. Conclusion: Dose-modified patients were at a higher risk of disease progression and death. The need for chemotherapy dose modification may identify patients at greater risk for adverse outcomes in advanced stage EOC and PPC.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was supported by National Cancer Institute grants to the Gynecologic Oncology Group (GOG) Administrative Office (CA 27469), the Gynecologic Oncology Group Statistical Office (CA 37517), NRG Oncology SDMC (1U10 CA180822) and NRG Operations (U10CA180868). The following Gynecologic Oncology Group member institutions participated in the primary treatment studies: University of Alabama at Birmingham, Oregon Health Sciences University, Duke University Medical Center, Abington Memorial Hospital, University of Rochester Medical Center, Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Wayne State University, University of Minnesota Medical School, University of Southern California at Los Angeles, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Colorado Gynecologic Oncology Group P.C., University of California at Los Angeles, University of Washington, University of Pennsylvania Cancer Center, University of Miami School of Medicine, Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, Georgetown University Hospital, University of Cincinnati, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, Indiana University School of Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Albany Medical College, University of California Medical Center at Irvine, Tufts-New England Medical Center, Rush-Presbyterian-St. Luke's Medical Center, University of Kentucky, Eastern Virginia Medical School, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Johns Hopkins Oncology Center, State University of New York at Stony Brook, Eastern Pennsylvania GYN/ONC Center, P.C., Southwestern Oncology Group, Washington University School of Medicine, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Columbus Cancer Council, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Medical University of South Carolina, Women's Cancer Center, University of Oklahoma, University of Virginia Health Sciences Center, University of Chicago, University of Arizona Health Science Center, Tacoma General Hospital, Eastern Collaborative Oncology Group, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Case Western Reserve University, and Tampa Bay Cancer Consortium.
© 2018 Elsevier Inc.
- Dose modification
- Dose reduction
- Ovarian cancer