Does leisure time as a stress coping resource increase affective complexity? Applying the Dynamic Model of Affect (DMA)

Xinyi Lisa Qian, Careen M. Yarnal, David M. Almeida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Affective complexity, a manifestation of psychological well-being, refers to the relative independence between positive and negative affect (PA, NA). According to the Dynamic Model of Affect (DMA), stressful situations lead to highly inverse PA-NA relationship, reducing affective complexity. Meanwhile, positive events can sustain affective complexity by restoring PA-NA independence. Leisure, a type of positive events, has been identified as a coping resource. This study used the DMA to assess whether leisure time helps restore affective complexity on stressful days. We found that on days with more leisure time than usual, an individual experienced less negative PA-NA relationship after daily stressful events. The finding demonstrates the value of leisure time as a coping resource and the DMA's contribution to coping research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)393-414
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Leisure Research
Volume45
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2013

Keywords

  • Coping
  • Daily stress
  • Leisure time
  • The Dynamic Model of Affect (DMA)
  • Within-person change

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