Dynamic and extensional properties of starch in aqueous dimethylsulfoxide

B. Kapoor, M. Bhattacharya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effect of starch composition and concentration on the rheological properties of starch in a mixed solvent, water-DMSO, was investigated in dynamic shear and extensional mode. High amylose corn starch containing 70% amylose and 30% amylopectin, common corn starch containing 25% amylose and 75% amylopectin, and waxy corn starch containing about 99% amylopectin were used in this study. Concentrations of 2, 4, 6, and 8% (w/v) in 10% water-90% DMSO (v/v) were used for each starch type. An increase in the amylopectin content of starch from 30 to 99% caused a change in behavior from semidilute solution to viscoelastic solid at a concentration of 8% (w/v). At a concentration of 2%, an increase in the amylopectin content of starch from 30 to 99% caused a change from Newtonian to incipient gel-like behavior. Behavior at intermediate concentrations of 4 and 6% (w/v) varied from semidilute to critical gel-like with increasing amylopectin content. A power-law relaxation was observed for all concentrations of common and waxy corn starches with the slope decreasing with increase in concentrations. A 2% waxy corn starch solution displayed extension thinning behavior, while a 2% high amylose corn starch solution displayed Newtonian behavior.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)323-335
Number of pages13
JournalCarbohydrate Polymers
Volume42
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2000

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