This article reviews the presentation of children with craniofacial anomalies by the most common sites of airway obstruction. Major craniofacial anomalies may be categorized into those with midface hypoplasia, mandible hypoplasia, combined midface and mandible hypoplasia, and midline deformities. Algorithms of airway interventions are provided to guide the initial management of these complex patients.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2016 Elsevier Inc.
Copyright 2017 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.
- Airway intervention
- Airway obstruction
- Craniofacial anomalies
- Distraction osteogenesis