Two dimensional echocardiographic measurements of the size of aortic and pulmonary valve annulus were made in 60 patients before balloon valvoplasty and compared to the angiographic measurements. Aortic valve annulus was measured in 34 patients (26 with valvar aortic stenosis and 8 with discrete subaortic stenosis) in the parasternal long axis or apical 5-chamber views. The pulmonary valve annulus was measured in 26 patients with valvar pulmonary stenosis (PS) in the parasternal short axis view of the right ventricular outflow view. The visualization of the annulus was good in all except 2 patients with valvar PS. Angiographic measurements of the aortic and pulmonary valve annulus were made in aortic root and right ventricular angiograms respectively, taken in both right and left anterior oblique views. There was an excellent correlation between the measurements of the annulus size by the two techniques (r value for pulmonary valve 0.91; for aortic valve 0.96; over all 0.94). Echocardiography can accurately measure valve annulus size and help in choosing balloon dilatation catheter of appropriate size before the valvoplasty procedure.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||3|
|Journal||Indian heart journal|
|State||Published - 1990|