Effects of galanin on smooth muscle and mucosa of porcine jejunum

David R. Brown, Keith R. Hildebrand, Ann M. Parsons, Giulio Soldani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

The enteric neuropeptide galanin (GAL) increased the amplitude of spontaneous contractions in longitudinally oriented muscle strips and inhibited short-circuit current (Isc) elevations induced by transmural electrical stimulation (ES) of mucosal sheets from porcine jejunum in vitro. GAL-induced contractions (GAL EC50 = 9 nmol/l) were maximally 25% of those elecited by 10 μmol/l carbamylcholine and remained unaffected by atropine, tetrodotoxin, or tachyphylaxis to substance P. The presynaptic Ca2+ channel blocker, omega-conotoxin (0.1 μmol/l), inhibited GAL-induced contractions by 66%. GAL attenuated mucosal Isc elevations induced by ES with an IC50 = 13 nmol/l and at 0.1 μmol/l produced rapi decreases in basal Isc averaging 8±2 μA cm-2 in 77% of tissues examined. The α-adrenoceptor blocker phentolamine or the opiate antagonist naloxone did not alter tissue Isc responses to GAL. These results suggest that GAL modulates neuronal activity linked to secretomotor function in the porcine small intestine.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)497-500
Number of pages4
JournalPeptides
Volume11
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1990

Keywords

  • Contractility
  • Enteric nervous system
  • Galanin
  • Ion transport
  • Jejunum
  • Longitudinal muscle
  • Pig

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