Electrophysiological evidence of altered memory processing in children experiencing early deprivation

O. Evren Güler, Camelia E. Hostinar, Kristin A. Frenn, Charles A. Nelson, Megan R Gunnar, Kathleen M Thomas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Associations between early deprivation and memory functioning were examined in 9- to 11-year-old children. Children who had experienced prolonged institutional care prior to adoption were compared to children who were adopted early from foster care and children reared in birth families. Measures included the Paired Associates Learning task from the Cambridge Neuropsychological Test and Automated Battery (CANTAB) and a continuous recognition memory task during which ERPs were also recorded. Children who experienced prolonged institutionalization showed deficits in both behavioral memory measures as well as an attenuated P300 parietal memory effect. Results implicate memory function as one of the domains that may be negatively influenced by early deprivation in the form of institutional care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)345-358
Number of pages14
JournalDevelopmental Science
Volume15
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2012

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