Energy-optimal velocity profiles for car-like robots

Pratap Tokekar, Nikhil Karnad, Volkan Isler

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

For battery-powered mobile robots to operate for long periods of time, it is critical to optimize their motion so as to minimize energy consumption. The driving motors are a major source of power consumption. In this paper, we study the problem of finding velocity profiles for car-like robots so as to minimize the energy consumed while traveling along a given path. We start with an established model for energy consumption of DC motors. We present closed form solutions for the unconstrained case and for the case where there is a bound on maximum velocity. We also study a general problem where the robot's path is composed of segments (e.g. circular arcs and line segments). We are given a velocity bound for each segment. For this problem, we present a dynamic programming solution which uses the solution for the single-constraint case as a subroutine. In addition, we present a calibration method to find model parameters. Finally, we present results from experiments conducted on a custom-built robot.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2011 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, ICRA 2011
Pages1457-1462
Number of pages6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2011
Event2011 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, ICRA 2011 - Shanghai, China
Duration: May 9 2011May 13 2011

Publication series

NameProceedings - IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation
ISSN (Print)1050-4729

Other

Other2011 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, ICRA 2011
CountryChina
CityShanghai
Period5/9/115/13/11

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