Executive Functioning Correlates of DSM-5 Maladaptive Personality Traits: Initial Evidence from an Italian Sample of Consecutively Admitted Adult Outpatients

Andrea Fossati, Antonella Somma, Serena Borroni, Kristian E. Markon, Robert F. Krueger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

In order to evaluate the associations between computer-administered tasks of executive functioning (EF), and maladaptive personality domains and traits listed in DSM-5 Alternative Model of Personality Disorders, 53 consecutively admitted psychotherapy outpatients (female participants: n = 27, 50.9%; male participants: n = 26, 49.1%; participants’ mean age = 37.28 years, SD = 11.50 years) were administered the Psychology Experiment Building Language (PEBL) EF tasks and the Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5). According to rank-order correlation analyses, a number of non-negligible and specific associations were observed between selected PID-5 scales and indices of participants’ performance on EF tasks. MM robust regression models showed that participants’ performance on computer-administered EF tasks explained a non-negligible amount of variance in selected PID-5 scale scores (median R2 value =.17). As a whole, our trait-level analyses of PID-5 dimensions suggest the clinical usefulness of integrating self-reports and EF laboratory tasks in routine clinical assessment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)484-496
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Volume40
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.

Keywords

  • Executive functioning
  • Personality Inventory for DSM-5
  • Psychotherapy outpatients

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