A coexistence between the Kondo effect and the ferromagnetic order has been observed in some Uranium compounds such as UTe or UCu0.9Sb2, which order ferromagnetically at roughly 100 K and present a Kondo resistivity decrease above it. Recently we have developed the underscreened Kondo lattice (UKL) model, where the competition between the ferromagnetic order and the underscreened Kondo effect is studied by considering a Kondo coupling JK of localized Sf = 1 spins with a conduction band and an inter-site f-f ferromagnetic exchange interaction JH. Here we present a diagram for the UKL model, which appears to be significantly different from the Doniach diagram for the Kondo lattice model with localized spins S = frac(1, 2). We obtain that the ferromagnetic order exists for all values of the ratio JK / JH, while the Kondo-ferromagnetism coexistence takes place only for sufficiently large values of the ratio JK / JH. This new ferromagnetic diagram for the UKL model can, therefore, account for the strong Kondo-ferromagnetism coexistence observed in some Uranium compounds.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
B.C. acknowledges the financial support from the European COST P16 and J.R.I. from Brazilian agencies CNPq, CAPES and FAPERGS.
Copyright 2008 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.
- Kondo effect
- Kondo lattice
- Strongly correlated electron systems