Finite-size scaling at a topological transition: Bilinear-biquadratic spin-1 chain

Yuting Wang, Hao Zhang, Alex Kamenev

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We consider a finite-size scaling function across a topological phase transition in one-dimensional models. For models of noninteracting fermions it was shown to be universal for all topological symmetry classes and markedly asymmetric between trivial and topological sides of the transition [T. Gulden, M. Janas, Y. Wang, and A. Kamenev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 026402 (2016)10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.026402]. Here we verify its universality for the topological transition between dimerized and Haldane phases in bilinear-biquadratic spin-1 chain. To this end we perform high-accuracy variational matrix product state simulations. We show that the scaling function, expressed in terms of L/ζ, where L is the chain length and ζ is the correlation length, coincides with that of three species of noninteracting massive Majorana fermions. The latter is known to be a proper description of the conformal critical theory with central charge c=3/2. We have shown that it still holds away from the conformal point, including the finite-size corrections. We have also observed peculiar differences between even- A nd odd-size chains, which may be fully accounted for by residual interactions of the edge states.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number235145
JournalPhysical Review B
Volume101
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 15 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We are grateful to I. Affleck, A. Chubukov, T. Gülden, M. Stoudenmire, A. Tsvelik, and V. Zauner-Stauber for useful comments and discussions. This work was supported by NSF Grant No. DMR-1608238.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 American Physical Society.

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