The combination of terbium nitrate and 1,4-benzenedicarboxylic acid (H2BDC) in the presence of triethylamine yields the compound Tb2(BDC)3·(H2O)4, which has an extended nonporous structure constructed from copolymerized BDC and Tb(III) units. The multidentate functionality of BDC and the tendency of Tb to have a high coordination number has allowed water to act as a terminal ligand to Tb in the structure. Upon thermally liberating the water ligands, a microporous material, Tb2(BDC)3, is achieved, which has extended 1-D channels and the same framework structure as that of the as-synthesized solid as evidenced by XRPD. Water sorption isotherm data proves that Tb2(BDC)3 has permanent microporosity, and points to the presence of accessible metal sites within the pores, which also allows the sorption of ammonia to give Tb2(BDC)3·(NH3)4. Luminescence lifetime measurements confirm that resorbed water and sorbed ammonia are bound to Tb and that they give distinctly different decay constants.