The quality of a perovskite film determines the performance of a perovskite solar cell. A novel hybrid physical-chemical vapor deposition (HPCVD) method is presented to grow high-quality CH3NH3PbI3 films. These films were synthesized in a vacuum quartz tube with a constant growth temperature of 100 °C, resulting in the uniform film with grain sizes up to 800 nm and surface roughness of about RMS 17.4 nm. Combined with an optimized spin-coating process for PbI2 precursor films, a high-performance CH3NH3PbI3 solar cell's power conversion efficiency (PCE) can reach up to 14.2%. When treated in a controlled harsh environment at 80 °C for 96 hours, ten solar cells maintained 78% of their initial efficiency on average, which demonstrates the effectiveness of this HPCVD method.
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