Proteins can locate their specific targets on DNA up to two orders of magnitude faster than the Smoluchowski three-dimensional diffusion rate. This happens due to nonspecific adsorption of proteins to DNA and subsequent one-dimensional sliding along DNA. We call such a one-dimensional route towards the target an "antenna." We studied the role of the dispersion of nonspecific binding energies within the antenna due to a quasirandom sequence of natural DNA. A random energy profile for sliding proteins slows the searching rate for the target. We show that this slowdown is different for macroscopic and mesoscopic antennas.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Physical review. E, Statistical, nonlinear, and soft matter physics|
|Issue number||2 Pt 1|
|State||Published - Aug 2006|
PubMed: MeSH publication types
- Journal Article