X-linked isolated lissencephaly sequence (ILS) and sub-cortical band heterotopia are allelic human disorders associated with mutations of the DCX gene in both familial and sporadic forms. The authors describe a large Sardinian family in which three brothers with ILS have a missense mutation of the DCX gene. Their mother, a nonmosaic carrier, has a normal phenotype and cranial MRI. Skewed X-inactivation in the lymphocytes was also ruled out. This is the first report of an asymptomatic carrier of a DCX mutation likely due to apparent nonpenetrance.