Inductive modulation of tris(phosphinomethyl)phenylborate donation at group VI metals: Via borate phenyl substituent modification

Paul J. Fischer, Shuruthi Senthil, Jeremy T. Stephan, McKinley L. Swift, Meghan D. Storlie, Emily T. Chan, Matthew V. Vollmer, Victor G. Young

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

A series of zerovalent group VI metal complexes of tris(diisopropylphosphinomethyl)phenylborate ([PhB(CH2PiPr2)3]-, PhBPiPr3), including [PPN][M(CO)3(PhBPiPr3)] (M = Cr, Mo, W) and the first bimetallics in which PhBPiPr3 serves as a bridging ligand via binding M(CO)3 units at the three phosphorus atoms and the borate phenyl substituent, have been synthesized and fully characterized. Two new tris(phosphinomethyl)borates featuring 3,5-dimethylphenyl and 3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl)phenyl borate substituents were prepared as crystallographically characterized thallium salts, and metallated giving their inaugural transition metal complexes [PPN][M(CO)3(((3,5-Me)C6H3)BPPh3)] and [PPN][M(CO)3(((3,5-CF3)C6H3)BPPh3)]. A comparative ν(CO) infrared spectroscopic analysis and examination of half wave potentials assessed by cyclic voltammetry supports a ligand donor ranking of Tp > PhBPiPr3 ≥ Cp > PhBPPh3 > triphos. For these anionic complexes, in which a lower electrostatic contribution to zerovalent metal-PhBPR3 binding is likely operative relative to that present in the zwitterionic complexes most commonly prepared with tris(phosphinomethyl)borates, PhBPR3 ligands do not function as strongly donating scorpionates. Nevertheless, PhBPPh3 is a substantially stronger donor than triphos towards zerovalent M(CO)3; the half wave potentials of [Et4N][M(CO)3(PhBPPh3)] are ∼340 mV lower than those of M(CO)3(triphos). The potentials of the ((3,5-Me)C6H3)BPPh3 group VI metal tricarbonyl anions are more negative than those of the corresponding ((3,5-CF3)C6H3)BPPh3 group VI metal tricarbonyl anions by ∼50 mV, suggesting a modest, yet rational, tuning of PhBPPh3 donation via inductive modulation of the borate anion charge.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6166-6176
Number of pages11
JournalDalton Transactions
Volume47
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

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