Influence of curing modes on the degree of conversion and mechanical parameters of dual-cured luting agents

Bo Yang, Qin Huang, Brian Holmes, Jiawen Guo, Yuping Li, Young Heo, Hooi Pin Chew, Yan Wang, Alex Fok

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To investigate the effects of different curing modes, including tack cure, on the degree of conversion (DC) and mechanical parameters of dual-cured luting agents for all-ceramic restorations. Methods: Immediate light curing, intermittent light curing (2-s tack cure and a 1-min interval before the main cure), delayed light cuing (2-min delay) and chemical or no light curing were used to cure two dual-cured luting agents, RelyX Unicem and PermaCem 2.0, through a 1.5-mm thick lithium disilicate ceramic slide. DC (n = 3), micro-hardness (n = 5), shrinkage strain (n = 4) and shrinkage stress (n = 3) were measured under the aforementioned curing modes. The data were analyzed using two-way ANOVA and post-hoc Tukey HSD test, with the level of significance set at α = 0.05. Results: For both luting agents, all the light-curing modes produced similar final DC, but using chemical cure only could significantly reduce the DC. The mechanical parameters followed a similar pattern. There were positive but nonlinear correlations between DC and the other mechanical parameters, with the increase in these parameters with DC being slower initially. Conclusions: Provided adequate light curing is applied to a dual-cured luting agent, delaying the light curing or using a tack cure first to facilitate seating of a restoration may not have a significant impact on the luting agent's final degree of conversion. However, using chemical cure only may result in inadequate cure of the luting agent and is recommended only for highly opaque restorations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)137-144
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Prosthodontic Research
Volume64
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The materials used in the study were generously supplied by 3M ESPE and DMG. This study was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 81628005 ).

Keywords

  • Curing modes
  • Degree of conversion
  • Dual-cured luting agents
  • Micro-hardness
  • Shrinkage strain
  • Shrinkage stress

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

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