Coronary blood flow (CBF) and myocardial oxygen consumption (MV̇o2) are reduced in dogs with pacing-induced congestive heart failure (CHF), which suggests that energy metabolism is downregulated. Because nitric oxide (NO) can inhibit mitochondrial respiration, we examined the effects of NO inhibition on CBF and MV̇o2 in dogs with CHF, CBF and MV̇o2 were measured at rest and during treadmill exercise in 10 dogs with CHF produced by rapid ventricular pacing before and after inhibition of NO production with NGnitro-L-arginine (L-NNA, 10 mg/kg iv). The development of CHF was accompanied by decreases in aortic and left ventricular (LV) systolic pressure and an increase in LV end-diastolic pressure (25 ± 2 mmHg). L-NNA increased MV̇o2 at rest (from 3.07 ± 0.61 to 4.15 ± 0.80 ml/min) and during exercise; this was accompanied by an increase in CBF at rest (from 31 ± 2 to 40 ± 4 ml/min) and during exercise (both P < 0.05). Although L-NNA significantly increased LV systolic pressure, similar increases in pressure produced by phenylephrine did not increase MV̇o2. The findings suggest that NO exerts tonic inhibition on respiration in the failing heart.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology|
|Issue number||6 51-6|
|State||Published - 2002|
- Nitric oxide