The relationship between leptin mRNA and insulin status was explored using streptozotocin diabetic pigs. Twelve male Yorkshire × Landrace crossbred swine (∼40 kg BW) were divided into three groups. Two groups were rendered diabetic with the use of streptozotocin (75 mg/kg BW). Diabetes was confirmed 24 h after streptozotocin treatment by the presence of hyperglycemia. One group of diabetic animals received daily injections of insulin (.5 U/(kg·d)-1) for 7 d, whereas the other group of diabetic animals received saline injections. The nondiabetic group also received saline injections (controls). Tissue and blood were collected after 7 d of treatment. Leptin mRNA concentrations in dorsal s.c. adipose tissue were measured by Northern analysis and standardized against 28S rRNA expression. Diabetes reduced leptin mRNA concentration by 67% in s.c. adipose tissue (P < .05). Serum insulin concentrations in the diabetic animals were reduced by 69% (P < .05). Insulin treatment of diabetic animals resulted in an increase in leptin mRNA concentration to levels in controls. Primary cell culture of porcine adipose tissue was used to assess whether these actions were the direct or indirect action of insulin. Acute exposure (1 to 24 h) of primary cultures of porcine adipocytes to insulin did not result in a change in leptin expression. However, chronic (7-d) exposure to insulin elevated leptin mRNA levels by 73%. These data suggest that insulin mediates changes in porcine leptin mRNA levels in vivo or in vitro, most likely by an indirect action.
- Adipose Tissue
- Gene Expression