Intracranial stent placement to trap an extruded coil during endovascular aneurysm treatment: Technical note

Richard D. Fessler, Andrew J. Ringer, Adnan I. Qureshi, Lee R. Guterman, L. Nelson Hopkins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

63 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The development of low profile, navigable stents has expanded the range of intracranial neuroendovascular procedures. We report a unique case of endovascular stent placement to trap a partially extruded Guglielmi detachable coil (GDC) during treatment of an internal carotid artery (ICA) cavernous segment aneurysm. METHODS: A 49-year-old woman presented for endovascular coiling of a left superior hypophyseal artery aneurysm. Previously, a contralateral mirror lesion had been treated by stent-assisted coiling. Heparin was administered to maintain an activated coagulation time of greater than 250 seconds, and a guide catheter was placed in the cervical ICA. A microcatheter was advanced into the aneurysm over a microguidewire. A GDC-10, 3-dimension, 6 x 20-mm coil was placed within the aneurysm, forming a stable basket. Three additional GDCs were placed with near-complete obliteration of the aneurysm. Attempted placement of a fifth coil caused partial prolapse of a previously placed coil into the cavernous ICA. We decided to place a stent rather than to snare the extruded coil because the extruded coil was integral to the aneurysm coil mass. A 3.5 x 8-mm balloon- expandable stent was placed across the aneurysm orifice, trapping the extruded coil between the stent and ICA. RESULTS: Digital subtraction angiography documented patency of the ICA lumen. The patient remains neurologically intact and awaits 3-month follow-up cerebral angiography. CONCLUSION: Trapping of an extruded intraaneurysmal coil via stent placement obviated the need for coil removal and avoided the risk of coil mass manipulation. The use of a stent to displace extruded coils and reconstitute a 'normal' lumen is an excellent addition to our endovascular armamentarium.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)248-253
Number of pages6
JournalNeurosurgery
Volume46
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000

Keywords

  • Aneurysm
  • Endovascular
  • Guglielmi detachable coil
  • Intracranial
  • Stent

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