Pain produced by bone cancer is often severe and difficult to treat. Here we examined effects of Resolvin D1 (RvD1) or E1 (RvE1), antinociceptive products of ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, on cancer-induced mechanical allodynia and heat hyperalgesia. Experiments were performed using a mouse model of bone cancer produced by implantation of osteolytic ficrosarcoma into and around the calcaneus bone. Mechanical allodynia and heat hyperalgesia in the tumor-bearing paw were assessed by measuring withdrawal responses to a von Frey monofilament and to radiant heat applied on the plantar hind paw. RvD1, RvE1, and cannabinoid receptor antagonists were injected intrathecally. Spinal content of endocannabinoids was evaluated using UPLC-MS/MS analysis. RvD1 and RvE1 had similar antinociceptive potencies. ED50s for RvD1 and RvE1 in reducing mechanical allodynia were 0.2 pg (0.53 fmol) and 0.6 pg (1.71 fmol), respectively, and were 0.3 pg (0.8 fmol) and 0.2 pg (0.57 fmol) for reducing heat hyperalgesia. Comparisons of dose-response relationships showed equal efficacy for reducing mechanical allodynia, however, efficacy for reducing heat hyperalgesia was greater for of RvD1. Using UPLC-MS/MS we determined that RvD1, but not RvE1, increased levels of the endocannabinoids Anandamide and 2-Arachidonoylglycerol in the spinal cord. Importantly, Resolvins did not alter acute nociception or motor function in naïve mice. Our data indicate, that RvD1 and RvE1 produce potent antiallodynia and antihyperalgesia in a model of bone cancer pain. RvD1 also triggers spinal upregulation of endocannabinoids that produce additional antinociception predominantly through CB2 receptors.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Prostaglandins and Other Lipid Mediators|
|State||Published - Dec 2020|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by NIH grants CA241627 , HL135895 (DAS), and NIH funded COBRE Mass Spec Core Facility Grant 5P30GM103329-05 (MYG).
© 2020 Elsevier Inc.
- Bone cancer pain
- Resolvin D1
- Resolvin E1
- Spinal cord
PubMed: MeSH publication types
- Journal Article
- Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural