Ion-channel - mimetic sensors based on self-assembled monolayers of phosphate esters: High selectivity for trivalent cations

Mitsutoshi Takaya, Philippe Bühlmann, Yoshio Umezawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Gold electrodes were chemically modified with a phosphate ester monolayer designed to mimic biological ion-channel membranes. Cyclic voltammograms of Fe(CN)63- as electroactive marker were measured in the presence of various types of analyte cations. Whereas in the absence of analyte cations the marker reduction was hindered by electrostatic repulsion between the marker anions and phosphate groups of the receptor monolayer, binding of di-and trications to the monolayer resulted in large increases of the reduction current. Trivalent cations could be detected down to the submicromolar concentration range with excellent selectivities over alkali metal ions. Also divalent cations were well discriminated and similar responses as to trivalent cations were only observed if their concentration exceeded that of the trivalent cations by about two orders of magnitudes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)55-60
Number of pages6
JournalMikrochimica Acta
Volume132
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1999

Keywords

  • Alkaline earth ions
  • Aluminum ion
  • Ion-channel - mimetic sensor
  • Lanthanum ion
  • Phosphate ester
  • Self-assembled monolayer (SAM)

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