A series of quaternized poly(2-vinylpyridine) (PVP) polymers has been synthesized with the general formula [(PVP)R]I, where R=H, Me, Bu. Addition of AgI to the polymers results in new silver ion conducting solid polymer materials. Conductivities as high as 6×10-3 S/cm have been observed for the 3:1 AgI/[(PVP)Me]I composition. Analogous materials with a 3:1 composition for the protonated and butyl-substituted polymers display lower conductivities near 2×10-4 S/cm. Conductivity studies, as a function of temperature, show these materials to be thermodynamically stable with a low activation energy for ion conduction. Differential scanning calorimetry experiments suggest that a new phase with the general formula (PVP)RAg3I4 forms with silver ions in a new amorphous state.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by NASA Research Program NRA-00-GRC-1.
- Electrochemical impedance analysis
- Ionic conductivity
- Silver ion conductors
- Solid polymer electrolyte