Iron Therapy for Preterm Infants

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

81 Scopus citations

Abstract

Preterm infants are at risk for both iron deficiency and iron overload. The role of iron in multiple organ functions suggests that iron supplementation is essential for the preterm infant. Conversely, the potential for iron overload and the poorly developed antioxidant measures in the preterm infant argue against indiscriminate iron supplementation in this population. This article reviews the predisposing factors and consequences of iron deficiency and iron overload in the preterm infant, discusses the current recommendation for iron supplementation and its appropriateness, and describes potential management strategies that strike a balance between iron deficiency and iron toxicity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)27-42
Number of pages16
JournalClinics in Perinatology
Volume36
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2009

Keywords

  • Guidelines
  • Infant
  • Iron
  • Iron overload
  • Premature
  • Therapy

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