We have isolated a Bradyrhizobium japonicum USDA 438 (serogroup 123) mutant which has the ability to form nodules on serogroup 123 nodulation-restricting plant introduction genotypes soybeans the Rj4 allele. The identity of the mutant was confirmed by using a serocluster 123-specific DNA probe, restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis, and serogroup-specific fluorescent antibodies. While the mutant contains Tn5 inserted into a cryptic, non nod gene-containing locus, site-directed mutagenesis and complementation studies indicated that the transposon is not responsible for host-range extension. The mutant and the wild-type parent had the same chromatographic profiles of [14C]acetate-labelled extracellular B. japonicum.
- Bradyrhizobium japonicum
- Host range-extension
- Serogroup 123
- Soybean plant introduction genotypes