Kinetic study of hybridoma cell growth in continuous culture: II. Behavior of producers and comparison to nonproducers

Kelly K. Frame, Wei‐Shou ‐S Hu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

A hybridoma cell line, AFP‐27‐P, was cultivated in continuous culture under glucose‐limited conditions. The viable cell concentration, dead‐cell concentration, and cell volume all varied with the dilution rate. A model previously developed for a nonproducing clone of the same cell line, AFP‐27‐NP, was extended to describe the behavior of the cells. The relationship between the specific growth rate and glucose concentration is described by a function similar to the Monod model. A threshold glucose concentration and a minimum specific growth rate are incorporated; the model is meaningful only at glucose concentration and a minimum specific growth rate are incorporated; the model is meaningful only at glucose concentrations and specific growth rates above these levels. The relationship between the death rate and the glucose concentration is described by an inverted Monod‐type function. Furthermore, the yield coefficient based on glucose is constant in the lower range of specific growth rates and changes to a new constant value in the upper range of specific growth rates. No maintenance term for glucose consumption is used; in the plot of specific glucose consumption rate vs. specific growth rate, the line intercepts the specific growth rate at a value close to the minimum growth rate. The productivity of antibody as a function of the specific growth rate is described by a mixed type model with a noon‐growth‐associated term and a negative‐growth‐associated term. The values for the model parameters were determined from regression analysis of the steady state data.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1020-1028
Number of pages9
JournalBiotechnology and bioengineering
Volume38
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1991

Keywords

  • cell culture
  • continuous culture
  • hybridoma
  • kinetics

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