In the past 20 years, several studies have been performed on the detection of biomarkers by the stripe-shaped spin valve sensors, whose sensitivity is limited by their small sensing area and large sensor resistance. In this paper, large-area spin valve sensors with lower aspect ratio are introduced. A reverse nucleation mechanism is proposed to demonstrate the different switching processes in large-area sensors. The simulation results further prove the involvement of reverse nucleation sites during the magnetization reversal. Large-area sensors also exhibit a linear response to the concentration of magnetic nanoparticles with a sensor signal more than 20 times larger than the stripe sensors.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work is supported by National Science Foundation MRSEC facility program, Institute of Engineering in Medicine of the University of Minnesota , Centennial Chair Professorship, Robert F Hartmann Endowed Chair, the Distinguished McKnight University Professorship, and UROP program from the University of Minnesota.
- Biomarker detection
- Large-area sensor
- Reverse nucleation
- Spin valve