Lattice Thermal Conductivity of MgSiO 3 Perovskite from First Principles

Nahid Ghaderi, Dong Bo Zhang, Huai Zhang, Jiawei Xian, Renata M. Wentzcovitch, Tao Sun

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We investigate lattice thermal conductivity κ of MgSiO 3 perovskite (pv) by ab initio lattice dynamics calculations combined with exact solution of linearized phonon Boltzmann equation. At room temperature, κ of pristine MgSiO 3 pv is found to be 10.7 W/(m · K) at 0 GPa. It increases linearly with pressure and reaches 59.2 W/(m · K) at 100 GPa. These values are close to multi-anvil press measurements whereas about twice as large as those from diamond anvil cell experiments. The increase of k with pressure is attributed to the squeeze of weighted phase-spaces phonons get emitted or absorbed. Moreover, we find κ exhibits noticeable anisotropy, with κ zz being the largest component and $$({{\boldsymbol{\kappa }}}-{{\rm{\max }}}-{{\boldsymbol{\kappa }}}-{{\rm{\min }}})/\bar{{\boldsymbol{\kappa }}}$$ (κ max - κ min) / κ being about 25%. Such extent of anisotropy is comparable to those of upper mantle minerals such as olivine and enstatite. By analyzing phonon mean free paths and lifetimes, we further show that the weak temperature dependence of κ observed in experiments should not be caused by phonons reaching 'minimum' mean free paths. These results clarify the microscopic mechanism of thermal transport in MgSiO 3 pv, and provide reference data for understanding heat conduction in the Earth's deep interior.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number5417
JournalScientific reports
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 1 2017


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