As metabolic and bariatric surgery (MBS) increasingly becomes a treatment of choice for adolescents with severe obesity, there is a need to understand how to deliver pre- and postoperative care in ways that maximize long-term safety and efficacy. This article describes major pre- and postoperative goals, lifestyle modification targets, and, when necessary, pharmacologic management strategies for adolescents undergoing MBS. Three categories of evidence were used-studies of pre- and postoperative interventions and factors influencing MBS outcomes in adolescents, studies of pre- and postoperative associations and interventions in adults, and studies of non-surgical weight management applicable to adolescents pursuing MBS. Finally, priority areas for future research within this topic are identified.
PubMed: MeSH publication types
- Journal Article