This article investigates the impact of parents’ history of violent offending, their age at first birth, and the interaction of the two on their adolescent children’s violent behavior. We employ intergenerational longitudinal data from the Rochester Youth Development Study to estimate parental trajectories of offending from their early adolescence through early adulthood. We show that the particular shape of the parents’ propensity of offending over time can interact with their age at first birth to protect their children from delinquency. We investigate these relationships for children at 6 and 10 years of age. We find that for some groups delaying childrearing can insulate children from their parents’ offending.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
We are most thankful to Amanda D. Emmert and Arna L. Carlock for their help in preparing this manuscript. Support for the Rochester Youth Development Study has been provided by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CE001295), the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (86-JN-CX-0007, 96-MU-FX-0014, 2004-MU-FX-0062), the National Institute on Drug Abuse (DA020195, DA005512), the National Science Foundation (SBR-9123299, SES-9123299), and the National Institute of Mental Health (MH56486, MH63386). Work on this project was also aided by grants to the Center for Social and Demographic Analysis at the University at Albany from NICHD (P30-HD32041) and NSF (SBR-9512290).
- developmental stages
- intergenerational delinquency
- risk and protective factors
- trajectory analysis