Lipid-lowering drug use is associated with reduced prevalence of atrial fibrillation in patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction

Ibrahim R. Hanna, Brent Heeke, Heather Bush, Lynne Brosius, Diane King-Hageman, Samuel C. Dudley, John F. Beshai, Jonathan J. Langberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

100 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Inflammation and oxidative stress have been implicated in the pathogenesis of atrial fibrillation (AF). Lipid-lowering drugs, particularly statins and fibrates, possess anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of lipid-lowering drug use on AF prevalence in patients with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). Methods: Data were obtained from ADVANCENTSM, a multicenter registry of patients with reduced LVEF (≤40%). Demographic, clinical, and echocardiographic parameters were collected from interviews and medical records. Medications, including lipid-lowering drugs, were recorded. Results: Of the 25,268 patients, 71.3% had hyperlipidemia, and 66.8% were prescribed lipid-lowering drugs. AF prevalence was 25.1% in patients taking lipid-lowering drugs compared with 32.6% in untreated hyperlipidemic patients and 32.8% in patients without hyperlipidemia (P <.001 for both comparisons). In multivariable analysis, lipid-lowering drug use remained significantly associated with reduced odds of AF (odds ratio [OR] 0.69, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.64-0.74), and this effect was larger than that of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors/angiotensin receptor blockers (OR 0.85, 95% CI 0.79-0.92) or β-blockers (OR 0.95, 95% CI 0.88-1.02). The beneficial impact of lipid-lowering drugs on AF risk was independent of their effects on the lipid profile. In patients in whom data on specific lipid-lowering drugs were available, 92% of the patients undergoing lipid-lowering therapy received statins, and 98% received statins and/or fibrates. Conclusion: Use of lipid-lowering drugs in patients with reduced LVEF is associated with a significant reduction in the prevalence of AF independent of the lipid profile and other known arrhythmia risk factors. This effect is larger than that of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors/angiotensin receptor blockers or β-blockers and may be the result of the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects of statins and fibrates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)881-886
Number of pages6
JournalHeart Rhythm
Volume3
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Left ventricular dysfunction
  • Lipid-lowering drugs
  • Prevention

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