We examine the behavior of positive bounded, localized solutions of semilinear parabolic equations ut = Δu + f(u) on ℝN. Here f ∈ C1, f(0) = 0, and a localized solution refers to a solution u(x, t) which decays to 0 as x→∞ uniformly with respect to t > 0. In all previously known examples, bounded, localized solutions are convergent or at least quasi-convergent in the sense that all their limit profiles as t→∞are steady states. If N = 1, then all positive bounded, localized solutions are quasi-convergent. We show that such a general conclusion is not valid if N ≥ 3, even if the solutions in question are radially symmetric. Specifically, we give examples of positive bounded, localized solutions whose ω-limit set is infinite and contains only one equilibrium.
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© 2014 Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics.
- Asymptotic behavior
- Localized solutions
- Nonconvergent solutions
- Semilinear parabolic equation