This paper develops a magnetic equivalent circuit model suitable to the design and optimization of the synchronous ac homopolar machine. The ac homopolar machine is of particular interest in the application of grid-based flywheel energy storage, where it has the potential to significantly reduce self-discharge associated with magnetic losses. The ac homopolar machine features both axial and radial magnetizing flux paths, which requires finite element analysis to be conducted in 3-D. The computation time associated with 3-D finite element modeling is highly prohibitive in the design process. The magnetic equivalent circuit model developed in this paper is shown to be a viable alternative for calculating several design performance parameters and has a computation time which is orders of magnitude less than that of 3-D finite element analysis. Results obtained from the developed model are shown to be in good agreement with finite element and experimental results for varying levels of saturation.
- Energy storage
- finite element analysis
- magnetic equivalent circuit (MEC)
- renewable generation